Health

An overview of venous diseases – What are the types and how to treat them

The human heart plays the role of pumping blood through a string of blood vessels, known as the circulatory system. These blood vessels are hollow vascular tubes that are flexible enough to carry blood to all parts of the body. 

Arteries carry oxygen-rich blood from the heart to the other parts of the body and veins return oxygen-poor blood to the heart. Veins are vascular structures that are hollow and with flaps that are called valves. When the muscles contract, the valves let blood move via veins. With the relaxation of muscles, the valves close, and hence blood flows in one direction. 

Venous diseases – What are they?

There are different types of venous diseases like:

BLOOD CLOTS

Blood clots are usually found in arms, legs, the brain, veins of internal organs, in the lungs, or in the kidneys. Blood clots in the brain are called cerebral vein thrombosis and when it happens in the kidneys, it is called renal vein thrombosis. You can learn more about blood clotting disorders.

DEEP VEIN THROMBOSIS

DVT or Deep Vein Thrombosis is a type of blood clot that occurs in a deep vein, often in the arms and legs. Although deep vein thrombosis is not life-threatening, this blood clot can break and travel all over the bloodstream where it can become lodged in the other blood vessels and this can get life-threatening. 

VARICOSE AND SPIDER VEINS

Spider and varicose veins are dilated or abnormal blood vessels that are caused by the weakening of the walls of blood vessels. You can visit a vein center Idaho in order to resolve issues like varicose and spider veins. 

CHRONIC VENOUS INSUFFICIENCY

Chronic venous insufficiency happens when there is the pooling of blood, swelling in the leg, heightened pressure on the legs, increased discoloration and pigmentation of the skin, and leg ulcers called venous stasis ulcers.

ULCERS

Ulcers occur due to a sudden stop in blood flow or even due to venous stasis ulcers. They are open sores or wounds that don’t tend to heal and that keep returning every now and then. The venous stasis ulcers keep occurring below the knee and are usually found in the inner portion of the leg, above the ankle. 

How can you treat venous diseases?

There are different types of surgical and non-surgical treatments available for the above-listed venous diseases. The main objective of these treatments is to diminish the risk of complications and reduce symptoms. Once you visit your health care provider, he will advise you with the right treatment for you. Before choosing any specific treatment, it is vital to discuss the possible risks, benefits, and side effects with your doctor. He will also give you specific guidelines on preparing yourself for the process and how to make yourself ready for recovery. 

Therefore, if you’re someone who is not being able to treat your venous diseases, you can instantly meet your venous specialist. Listen to his advice and follow them religiously to cure them. 

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