To assess the risks of the organization’s information system (IS), the security of each valuable resource is determined by analyzing the threats acting on a particular resource and the vulnerabilities through which these threats can be realized. Work on minimizing IT risks is to prevent unauthorized access to data, as well as accidents and failures of equipment and software. The process of minimizing IT risks should be considered comprehensively: first, possible problems are identified, and then it is determined how they can be solved.
The process of minimizing IT risks
As the experience of many companies shows, the most successful IT risk prevention strategies are based on three basic rules:
- different access to the IS depending on the importance and confidentiality of the content of the document;
- controlling access to information and ensuring the protection of IS vulnerabilities;
- uninterrupted operation of the IS even in crisis situations.
To ensure the necessary protection against IT risks and security control, the following measures can be taken:
- define the circle of persons responsible for information security;
- create regulatory documents that will describe the actions of the company’s personnel aimed at preventing IT risks;
- provide backup capacity to work in a critical situation; develop uniform standards for information systems within the organization, that is, move to uniform reporting forms, as well as uniform rules for calculating indicators that will be applied in all software products of the company used for this purpose;
- classify data by the degree of confidentiality and delimit access rights to them;
- ensure that any documents circulating within the organization are created using systems centrally installed on computers;
- implement controls that allow you to monitor the status of all corporate systems: in case of unauthorized access, the system should either automatically deny entry or signal danger so that staff can take action;
- develop and create a system that allows you to quickly restore the operability of IT infrastructure in case of technical failures.
If the company’s business largely depends on the state of its information networks (for example, in firms engaged in the development of computer programs), it is necessary to appoint a person responsible for the development, implementation and monitoring of corporate rules aimed at reducing IT risks.
A prerequisite for successful risk management in the field of information technology is its continuity. Therefore, the assessment of IT risks, as well as the development and updating of plans to minimize them should be carried out with a certain frequency, for example, once a quarter. Periodic audits of the information management system (information audit) conducted by independent experts will further contribute to risk minimization.
When designing, developing or implementing and upgrading information systems, the emergence of IT risks can be triggered by a number of factors associated with the system. These include:
- choosing the wrong automation solution;
- errors in design activities;
- inconsistencies between the infrastructure and the automation solution;
- errors in the installation of any system.
At the same time, scientists have studied the nature of IT risks. It is an indisputable fact that the use of modern information technologies potentially creates prerequisites for the risk of leakage, theft, loss, distortion, forgery, copying and blocking of information and, as a result, economic, environmental, social and other types of damage. To avoid these threats, order IT support services in Los Angeles digitaluppercut.com.